Due to increase in radiological imaging techniques, normal range of renal artery
diameter is very important for guiding interventional radiologist during procedures like arterial catheterization and angioplasty.
In one case (right side) upper renal artery
(L1 level) descended crossing in front of lower renal artery
(L2 level) to enter through the lower part of hilum and supplied to lower segment.
The thyroid glands were adherent to the ventral surface of the ascending oesophageal artery
on both sides (Fig.
The radial and ulnar arteries appear next and develop toward the hand where ulnar artery
becomes linking artery
with the superficial palmar plexus.
Contrary to what is typically seen, the radial artery
in this case was the main branch of the brachial artery
, and was therefore larger than usual.
10%), the branch to the bile duct from the gastroduodenal artery
was observed originating within approximately 3 cm of the proximal point, and went upward to the hepatic portal in the hepatoduodenal ligament.
On the right side, the right internal iliac artery
(RIIA) was supplied by the right lumbar collateral artery
, but the right external iliac artery
(REIA) was occluded.
The variation in origin of vertebral artery
The left renal artery
is as voluminous as the right, and originates superiorly to the origin of the right renal artery
Clinical findings alone are not sufficient in the diagnosis of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery
from the pulmonary artery
As far as we know, our case with a combination of the two coronary artery
anomalies is the first report in the literature, in which type 2 dual LAD artery
and absent Cx has been described in the same patient.
5%, facial artery
was bifurcated in the upper lip and in the lateral nasal arteries; in 8.