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Answer

A formal rebuttal that the defendant in a lawsuit makes against the claims of the plaintiff. The answer asserts that the plaintiff's allegations are false, or, if they are true, that the defendant is not liable for them.
References in classic literature ?
SOCRATES: And so of the virtues, however many and different they may be, they have all a common nature which makes them virtues; and on this he who would answer the question, 'What is virtue?' would do well to have his eye fixed: Do you understand?
And if you answered 'roundness,' he would reply to you, in my way of speaking, by asking whether you would say that roundness is 'figure' or 'a figure;' and you would answer 'a figure.'
"I don't imagine it will last very long," he answered, "and I shall get a fair amount of time to myself.
"I can't describe him," Aynesworth answered. "I shouldn't like to try.
``Enter freely,'' answered Cedric to the supposed friar; ``with what intent art thou come hither?''
``To bid you prepare yourselves for death,'' answered the Jester.
"Take consolation in the fact that no member of your class has ever yet answered that charge." He turned to the other men who were anxious to speak.
"I will listen to nothing - save your answer, yes or no," he declared, drawing on his overcoat.
"I go to bring my medicines, men of the king," I answered.
"But the plaster is heavy," answered Pinocchio, "and the work too hard for me."
"Nothing, thank you," she answered. "I wish only to be alone while I read this."
"I am very pleased to hear it," she answered. "He's a dear boy!"