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Related to alienation: Parental alienation


In law, the ability to transfer a property to another party, either by sale or gift. Most property is alienable, but subject to certain restrictions. For example, a property may be temporarily inalienable because a third party has right of first refusal on it.


the separation of people from their essential qualities as human beings in capitalist societies. Karl Marx (1818-83), who first developed the concept, believed that ‘free conscious activity’ was the hallmark of human activity Work in modern capitalist society, which involves the worker producing goods and services for the profit of an employer and in a manner dictated by the employer, separates (i.e. alienates) people from their essence. In effect an individual's labour power is reduced to a commodity to be bought and sold. Job dissatisfaction may well result, but the possibility arises that alienation from ‘true’ human desires is so deep that individuals have no standard against which to compare their lot and hence may nevertheless experience job satisfaction. Since alienation, as defined here, has no clear discernible relationship with SATISFACTION, many critics have argued that its use in the analysis of work attitudes and behaviour is decidedly limited.

A closer link between alienation and job satisfaction has been provided by American sociologist Robert Blauner (1929 -). He defined alienation as a ‘fragmentation in man's consciousness’, experienced as dissatisfaction. The dimensions of this are a sense of powerlessness (i.e. inability to control what happens at work), a feeling of meaninglessness (i.e. the job tasks seem pointless), a sense of isolation from others, and a feeling of self-estrangement (i.e. that one's creativity is stifled). In Blauner's view, technology is the most important determinant of alienation.

In assembly-line work (see FORDISM) alienation reaches its peak. By contrast, more recent process technology, in which the worker oversees a range of operations rather than being subjugated to the machine, is associated with lower levels of alienation. The logic of Blauner's account, in contrast to that of Marx, is that alienation can be reduced by managerial policies to modify the nature of workers'tasks (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN) and to integrate workers into a work community (see HUMAN RELATIONS). See ANOMIE.


The act of transferring ownership or some partial interest in real property from one person to another. Voluntary alienation occurs when one executes a deed or a lease. Involuntary alienation occurs when there is a foreclosure,tax sale,or condemnation.

References in periodicals archive ?
The definition and scale of parental alienation remains under debate and there is general consensus that altering behaviours can vary from mild to severe and have varying degrees of impact.
Cafcass indicates that extreme examples of parental alienation are a small percentage of the cases that come before the family court.
Social alienation refers to a state of psychological disengagement that generalizes across one's self-image and social relationships both inside and outside of work contexts (Banai & Reisel, 2007; Chiaburu, Diaz, & De Vos, 2013).
Within the context of student activism, alienation as a tool in social philosophy, ".
Most of the people who have researched parental alienation have done so from a clinical perspective, by studying children in therapy who are traumatized by what is happening.
Parental alienation occurs in an estimated 11-15% of divorces involving children, and studies show that this figure is rising.
Arce, Farina, and Seijo (2005) investigated 783 court sentences in Spain, most of which were homologated without considering the concept or presence of parental alienation and, only in cases where mothers presented severe behavior, was custody assigned to fathers.
In this, the final part of my article, I'll talk about the options that are available when alienation is suspected or established, and offer some suggestions for how cases involving claims of alienation and estrangement should be handled when they go to court.
Brought to prominence by the writings of Marx (1932), research on alienation gradually peaked to establish the same as a central concept in the social sciences of the twentieth century, specifically in the emerging discipline of sociology (Case, 2008).
Critique: An impressive work of seminal scholarship, "Ruth: From Alienation To Monarchy" is deftly organized into five major sections: The Study of Ruth: Methodology and Context; Tragedy: Ruth Chapter One; Sustenance: A Short-Term Solution: Ruth Chapter Two; Progeny: A Long-Term Solution: Ruth Chapter Three; Resolution: Ruth Chapter Four.
Alienation has two strengths rarely found in a single book: it provides an enlightening analysis of an important but recently neglected philosophical concept (alienation), and it illuminates fundamental ideas of one of the most difficult figures in the history of philosophy, G.
In an industry era that works many of people in manufacturing organizations and service jobs and organizational relations in a manner that destroying the moral and human aspects in work place has been causing the alienation of work.