alienation


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Alienation

In law, the ability to transfer a property to another party, either by sale or gift. Most property is alienable, but subject to certain restrictions. For example, a property may be temporarily inalienable because a third party has right of first refusal on it.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

alienation

the separation of people from their essential qualities as human beings in capitalist societies. Karl Marx (1818-83), who first developed the concept, believed that ‘free conscious activity’ was the hallmark of human activity Work in modern capitalist society, which involves the worker producing goods and services for the profit of an employer and in a manner dictated by the employer, separates (i.e. alienates) people from their essence. In effect an individual's labour power is reduced to a commodity to be bought and sold. Job dissatisfaction may well result, but the possibility arises that alienation from ‘true’ human desires is so deep that individuals have no standard against which to compare their lot and hence may nevertheless experience job satisfaction. Since alienation, as defined here, has no clear discernible relationship with SATISFACTION, many critics have argued that its use in the analysis of work attitudes and behaviour is decidedly limited.

A closer link between alienation and job satisfaction has been provided by American sociologist Robert Blauner (1929 -). He defined alienation as a ‘fragmentation in man's consciousness’, experienced as dissatisfaction. The dimensions of this are a sense of powerlessness (i.e. inability to control what happens at work), a feeling of meaninglessness (i.e. the job tasks seem pointless), a sense of isolation from others, and a feeling of self-estrangement (i.e. that one's creativity is stifled). In Blauner's view, technology is the most important determinant of alienation.

In assembly-line work (see FORDISM) alienation reaches its peak. By contrast, more recent process technology, in which the worker oversees a range of operations rather than being subjugated to the machine, is associated with lower levels of alienation. The logic of Blauner's account, in contrast to that of Marx, is that alienation can be reduced by managerial policies to modify the nature of workers'tasks (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN) and to integrate workers into a work community (see HUMAN RELATIONS). See ANOMIE.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

alienation

The act of transferring ownership or some partial interest in real property from one person to another. Voluntary alienation occurs when one executes a deed or a lease. Involuntary alienation occurs when there is a foreclosure,tax sale,or condemnation.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keeping in view the devastating consequences of work alienation, Shantz, Alfes, Bailey, and Soane (2015) recently recognized the need to identify other drivers of work alienation apart from task variety, task identity, social support, and autonomy to make decisions.
Thus, this paper focuses on how "organizational cynicism" may lead to alienation. Apart from this, the purpose of this paper is to explore the role of organizational cynicism as a mediator towards work alienation.
We anticipated that overqualification might negatively affect employees' job crafting via its impact on work alienation. Thus, increased person--organization misfit would cause greater work alienation, resulting in employees exhibiting fewer extrarole behaviors.
Joan Meier, professor at George Washington University, analyzed the social science research on parental alienation and offered an abuse-sensitive approach for courts and practitioners in her article, "Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: A Research Review." (A link to the article is available with this column at minnlawyer.com.)
An alienation refers to where children have been told by the other parent that the parent they're not seeing is bad, or doesn't like them, or doesn't care about them.
Marx discussed economic and social alienation of workers from their labour, Dr Jan maintained.
For a long time those charged with looking after children's welfare have been aware of parental alienation in family law proceedings.
With historical and contemporary works by Nordic and international artists, and taking place in several sites around the industrial town of Moss, Norway, the exhibition entertained fantastic, mundane, speculative and tangible manifestations of alienation. One of the show's more visible (and most photographed) works, situated in one of the two main biennial venues, Galleri F 15, was Patricia Piccinini's sculpture Atlas, 2012.
This essay uses one possible understanding of the concept of alienation to explain the genesis of the movement, as well as the dialectic of its development through internal divisions.
Sound familiar?--that behavior, deliberately trying to sabotage a child's relationship with the other parent, has a name: parental alienation. It is a topic familiar to most people but, in social, psychological, and legal realms, it is understudied and underdiscussed.
Hershey, the South Dakota Supreme Court recognized that the tort of alienation of a child's affections was a viable cause of action under the state's alienation statute.