alienation

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Alienation

In law, the ability to transfer a property to another party, either by sale or gift. Most property is alienable, but subject to certain restrictions. For example, a property may be temporarily inalienable because a third party has right of first refusal on it.

alienation

the separation of people from their essential qualities as human beings in capitalist societies. Karl Marx (1818-83), who first developed the concept, believed that ‘free conscious activity’ was the hallmark of human activity Work in modern capitalist society, which involves the worker producing goods and services for the profit of an employer and in a manner dictated by the employer, separates (i.e. alienates) people from their essence. In effect an individual's labour power is reduced to a commodity to be bought and sold. Job dissatisfaction may well result, but the possibility arises that alienation from ‘true’ human desires is so deep that individuals have no standard against which to compare their lot and hence may nevertheless experience job satisfaction. Since alienation, as defined here, has no clear discernible relationship with SATISFACTION, many critics have argued that its use in the analysis of work attitudes and behaviour is decidedly limited.

A closer link between alienation and job satisfaction has been provided by American sociologist Robert Blauner (1929 -). He defined alienation as a ‘fragmentation in man's consciousness’, experienced as dissatisfaction. The dimensions of this are a sense of powerlessness (i.e. inability to control what happens at work), a feeling of meaninglessness (i.e. the job tasks seem pointless), a sense of isolation from others, and a feeling of self-estrangement (i.e. that one's creativity is stifled). In Blauner's view, technology is the most important determinant of alienation.

In assembly-line work (see FORDISM) alienation reaches its peak. By contrast, more recent process technology, in which the worker oversees a range of operations rather than being subjugated to the machine, is associated with lower levels of alienation. The logic of Blauner's account, in contrast to that of Marx, is that alienation can be reduced by managerial policies to modify the nature of workers'tasks (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN) and to integrate workers into a work community (see HUMAN RELATIONS). See ANOMIE.

alienation

The act of transferring ownership or some partial interest in real property from one person to another. Voluntary alienation occurs when one executes a deed or a lease. Involuntary alienation occurs when there is a foreclosure,tax sale,or condemnation.

References in periodicals archive ?
only on this basis can secondary rights originate by contractually transferring titles to parts of alienable property.
Only 15 percent (275,769 hectares) of Cordillera land area of 1,829,368 ha is alienable and disposable, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority website.
Hence, even if its forest cover has been replaced by beach resorts, restaurants and other commercial establishments, it has not been automatically converted from public forest to alienable agricultural land,' it stressed.
The fate of the collection hangs on a court case next month which will decide whether the collection is "alienable" - in other words whether it can be transferred to another owner.
However, probably the most important and widely studied distinction within the domain of possession is the one between alienable and inalienable possession.
Human Rights Commissioner Tom Calma pointed to the dangers inherent in alienable title for profoundly impoverished communities: 'many Indigenous communities may lose their land to short-term gains or through foreclosure, and money generated by selling or mortgaging land won't address the underlying social and economic problems'.
Property which is fungible or alienable, on the other hand, can be transferred without expense to the sense of self.
Further, the argument, said the standard was not met here as Congress has made ANCSA lands freely alienable, has expressly disclaimed any intent to create a reservation or trustee system, and the federal government has refused to exercise superintendence over the Indian communities within ANCSA lands.
BAGUIO CITY - A total of 1,300 land applications for alienable and disposable lands were awarded to Baguio constituents, and a total of 942 residential free patent applications were approved and awarded to actual occupants in the different barangays in the city.
In an interview, Castriciones said the President wanted private lands with valid notices of coverage and alienable and disposable government owned land distributed to the beneficiaries.
Under the proposed amendment, the current FAB territory will now include the rest of the Municipality of Mariveles outside the former Bataan Economic Zone and its municipal waters, and would expand it to include alienable and disposable public lands and municipal waters of the expansion areas.
Chusuey also said the Supreme Court upheld then president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's Proclamation 1064 in 2008 proclaiming Boracay's agricultural land as 'alienable and disposable.'