From the brief author's biography printed on the final pages, we notice that Bi Shuowang, the addressee
2, was aware that the author was a Malayan overseas student.
The two basic theses are the following: 1) given a set of contextually plausible interpretations of an utterance, the speaker's intended meaning is determined by the speaker's situational interests; and 2) the addressee
's intended meaning (10) is inferred by the addressee
on the basis of his/her belief about the speaker's interest.
62 None the less, the measures which are taken by the addressee
of an injunction, such as that at issue in the main proceedings, when implementing that injunction must be sufficiently effective to ensure genuine protection of the fundamental right at issue, that is to say that they must have the effect of preventing unauthorised access to the protected subject-matter or, at least, of making it difficult to achieve and of seriously discouraging internet users who are using the services of the addressee
of that injunction from accessing the subject-matter made available to them in breach of that fundamental right.
The use of please in these constructional realizations appeals to the addressee
Utterance (6) spells out the part of the generic structure that relates to the speaker's wish to get an action carried out by the addressee
. Utterance (7) instantiates the part of the generic structure in which the speaker gives an instruction for the performance of an action.
The second is a pragmatic factor--namely, that the whole statement is delivered, as a statement of Pip's false idea, on the assumption that the falseness of this idea will be understood by the addressee
not only because its obvious falsity is explicitly commented on but also because the addressee
will recognise (and corroborate) its falsity by comparing it with already possessed knowledge of what the truth was.
Table 1: The Relationship Between an Actual Addressee
and His/Her Position in the Reference Chain.
Here the speaker begins by strongly directing, even commanding, the addressee
to "Look in my face; my name is Might-have-been" (l.
Expectation gaps -- where the speaker and addressee
, often unbeknownst to either, have goals and assumptions that differ in critical respects
* use language/terminology that the addressee
will not understand
Every letter, once it has been received, constitutes a new moment or event in the relationship between the addresser and the addressee
. The letter becomes a past-shared experience to which the correspondents can refer in the same way as they refer to past face-to-face encounters.
Organized alphabetically by addressee
, most of the letters were previously unpublished and deal with mathematical as well as general topics such as physics, science management, education, politics, and war.