When signature debit cards were introduced in the 1990s, Visa and MasterCard charged merchants ad valorem
rates equal to their credit cards.
The authorizing bond documents in Strand clearly stated that no bondholder could compel the exercise of the ad valorem
taxing power of the county or any other governmental entity, including the state.
Extending our analysis to long-run equilibrium, where entry and exit provides an additional market equilibrating mechanism and where firms always earn zero profits, we show that an equal-revenue switch from unit to ad valorem
taxation has welfare effects on consumers through two channels.
Thus, higher ad valorem
taxes would mean lower output and a higher price.
, out of the Grade 1-placed Relaunch mare Classy Women, was unbeaten at two, including in the Group 1 Middle Park Stakes.
(9-2) moved up to challenge going into the Dip and, after quickly getting on top, he had plenty in reserve to hold the late charge of Rebuttal (9-1) by three-quarters of a length.
Most countries levy tariffs in ad valorem
terms--as a percentage of a product's total value.
Provisions in the bill would prevent local statutory interest rates applied to unpaid ad valorem
taxes from being discounted down to Internal Revenue Code's prime rate.
Koenig  compares administered prices, a quota system, and a tax system in which both a specific and an ad valorem
tax are applied to the externality-generating good.
The GO bonds are secured by the city's full faith and credit and unlimited ad valorem
The 24-1 shot - beaten in a $50,000 claiming race at Aqueduct last November - ran as well as the more intensely discussed Europeans ran badly, with Echo Of Light propping up the field and Ad Valorem
finishing immediately in front of him.
JAMIE SPENCER will be reunited with Ad Valorem
at Churchill Downs on Saturday, when the four-year-old will be one of three Aidan O'Brientrained challengers in the Breeders' Cup Mile.