Accrual basis


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Related to Accrual basis: cash basis

Accrual basis

In the context of accounting, practice in which expenses and income are accounted for as they are earned or incurred, whether or not they have been received or paid. Antithesis of cash basis accounting.

Accrual Accounting

A system of accounting that recognizes revenue and matches it with the expenses that generated that revenue. Unlike other systems of accounting, which recognize revenue and expenses in the order in which they are received, the accrual accounting convention ignores the function of time and only considers what expenses generate what revenues, even if payments have not actually been made. Companies with inventories are required to use the accrual method for tax purposes.
References in periodicals archive ?
The adoption of accrual basis accounting in the public sector involves changes in information technology or the introduction of new technology, cultural changes, considerable investment in information systems, and the development of appropriate skills for preparers and users (Land & Rocher, 2011).
Students realize that the difference between the cash basis and accrual basis is the treatment of these other assets and liabilities.
The 1951 version recommended that government financial reports should also reflect current condition and operations in accordance with sound accounting principles, and it stated that "modifications" of the accrual basis were an accrual basis if the more important revenues and expenditures were accrued.
The national certification for government accounting is a response to increasing demand for CPA consultation expected with the adoption of accrual basis accounting.
Modified accrual basis approach is defined as method under which revenues are recognized in the period they become available and measurable, and expenditures are recognized in the period the associated liability is incurred.
These farmers can maintain their books and records on an accrual basis, to measure their financial strength and maintain any debt covenants or other requirements banks may impose, while using the cash method of accounting for tax purposes.
If financial statements done under the accrual basis don't show any material difference from those done under cash accounting, there's little reason to switch.
We reach this conclusion, because section 461(d) requires that, in the case of accrual basis taxpayer, to the extent any action of a taxing jurisdiction taken after December 31, 1960, accelerates the time for accruing a tax liability, then such taxes shall be treated as accruing at the time they would have accrued but for such action of the taxing jurisdiction.
Until the early 1990s, when the first countries began to adopt the accrual basis of accounting, the application of the accrual regime to the public sector was limited to units, bodies, agencies and companies operating in economic activity exploration sectors often competing with private companies.
In financial statements prepared on the accrual basis of accounting, employers should recognize a liability and expense for voluntary termination benefits (for example, early-retirement incentives) when the offer is accepted and the amount can be estimated.
The statement requires similar forms of termination benefits be accounted for in the same manner; specifies when governments should recognize the cost of termination benefits they offer in accrual basis financial statements; provides an exception to the general recognition requirements for termination benefits that affect defined benefit post-employment benefits; and elaborates on how to measure the cost of termination benefits.
Defer Year-End Bonuses: Accrual basis C-corporations can deduct a current year bonus not actually paid to an employee if: (a) the employee does not own more than 50% in value of the corporation's stock, (b) the bonus is properly accrued on its book before the end of the current tax year, and (c) the bonus is actually paid within the first 2 1/2 months of 2002.