Provided the atomic-plane doping contains both' donor and acceptor
elements of concentration D and A respectively, donor-acceptor pairs will form following a statistical distribution quite as in bulk semiconductors, but with the restriction of ion connection lines to the plane of doping.
The particular [R.sub.0] is determined by the spectral properties of the donor and acceptor
dyes, which must be optimized with the binding site separation distances on the calpastatin in order to achieve efficient energy transfer.
RQ2: Why do acceptors
accept handbills, and why do nonacceptors reject them?
[Bhatti and Hashmi (1993).] The present study discusses the results of that survey (CMDOS), based on the 375 sampled acceptors
of family planning methods and analyses the correlates for the choice of contraceptive methods.
Therefore, we can see that the codoping using N as an acceptor
and III elements (Al, Ga, and In) as reactive-codopant donor is very effective for materials design to obtain low-resistivity and high-concentration p-type ZnS.
where I([lambda] = 573 to 583 nm) was the fluorescence intensity of the donor fluorophore and I([lambda] = 607 to 617 nm) was the fluorescence intensity of the acceptor
These parameters indicate how reactive, donor or acceptor
a chemical compound is.
Equations (1) reflect the concentration of donor or acceptor
impurities at room temperature.
By introduction of an electron-withdrawing group in the acceptor
, it hoped that the molecular modification can attract electrons and promote an intramolecular charge transfer from donor to acceptor
, further leading to better electron injection into the conduction band of Ti[O.sub.2].
Organic PV devices involve an interface between a donor and an acceptor
. In this case, the SWCNT served as the donor, as it donated an electron to the acceptor
(here, the fullerene).
The monomers form donor-acceptor polymers with an electron acceptor
, including transition metals, iron, cobalt, or nickel within a ferrocene, cobaltocene, or nickelocene monomer.
The absorber material, in essence, releases the electron to the acceptor