zero-sum game

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Zero-sum game

A type of game wherein one player can gain only at the expense of another player.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Zero-Sum Game

A situation where the gain of one person equates to the loss of another person. That is, for every dollar one person makes in a zero sum transaction, another person loses a dollar. Not every transaction is a zero sum game; stock trading is not because some trades are mutually beneficial to the buyer and the seller. Options and commodity markets, however, are zero sum games because wealth cannot be created from these transactions, only shifted. See also: Wealth creation.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

zero-sum game

A situation in which one person's gain must be matched by another person's loss. Without considering taxes and transaction costs, many types of investing, such as options and futures, are examples of zero-sum games.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

zero-sum game

a situation in GAME

THEORY where game players compete for the given total pay-off, so that gains by one player are at the direct expense of the other player(s). For example, here two firms compete against each other in a mature market where total sales are not expanding, then each firm can increase its sales and market share only at the expense of its competitor.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Bringing the discussion to the catchphrase of Cold War mentality and zero sum games, China typically uses for US and Australia rings true.
Abdel Bari Atwan, the editor-in-chief of Rai Al Youm, a digital news and opinion website specialising on the Arab world, and a Gulf News columnist, said that at the international level, peace in the region is not a zero sum game. "There is rapprochement on some issues, as both of them have one common enemy, Daesh.
YK Sinha, India's top diplomat for Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, contended that "it is quite clear to India" that Pakistan views Afghanistan "as a zero sum game and they want India out of Afghanistan," said the leaked cable.
After a brief review of the issues and the players--Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Turkey, the European Union, and the UN--and the issues, he provides of chronological account of the deliberations, eventually concluding that the negotiations were doomed by inadequate international attention, participants engaging in the "blame game and the zero sum game," and, most fundamentally, Turkish Cypriot fears of repression by Greek Cypriot in a reunified Cyprus and interlocking cultural inferiority and superiority complexes held by the various players about each other.
New Delhi, June 14 (ANI): Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao has proposed that development and security in South Asia should not be a zero sum game.