orders through its supervisory writs of mandamus
and prohibition brings
(107) Could writs of mandamus
be used in Alaska courts to enforce victims' procedural rights?
The act to establish the judicial courts of the United States authorizes the supreme court 'to issue writs of mandamus
, in cases warranted by the principles and the usages of law, to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under the authority of the United States.' (p.
If the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction--because the case is one of the "cases herein after specially provided for"--then it may issue writs of mandamus
to carry out that appellate jurisdiction.
* Prohibition--Unlike under Florida law, federal writs of prohibition are closely related to federal writs of mandamus
, such that the two are often sought in tandem and spoken of interchangeably.
Thus, though the interpretive point may not be entirely free of doubt, the relevant clause of section 13 seems to read most naturally as a legislative grant to the Supreme Court of a freestanding "power" to issue "writs of mandamus
, in cases warranted by the principles and usages of law, to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under authority of the United States." (38)
Writs of mandamus
are restricted to forcing an agency to carry out their duties, and are not available to strip an agency of its discretion in its method of carrying out the duty.
(8) And because Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 (9) purportedly conferred on the Supreme Court original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus
in this type of case, Section 13 was unconstitutional.
(34) For example, writs of mandamus
have been used to compel a trial judge to rule on a pending motion; (35) to compel a trial judge to submit to a jury issues that are so triable by right; (36) and to compel a trial judge to enforce another state's judgment of child custody.
The rule identifies writs of mandamus
, prohibition, quo warranto, certiorari, habeas corpus, and all writs necessary to the complete exercise of the courts' jurisdiction.