mandamus

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mandamus

In the nature of an appeal, mandamus is a command from a court ordering a government authority, or a lower court official, to do some act that is within their power to do and they are supposed to do without exercising any discretion. One would appeal a decision to deny a building permit for construction with minor or inconsequential variances from code requirements. However,
one would seek mandamus if the permitting office acknowledged that all requirements had been met, but still refused to issue the permit. The decision of proper remedy—mandamus or appeal—is highly technical,and the wrong choice could result in the loss of all rights to reverse a decision.

References in periodicals archive ?
district courts directly through writs of mandamus and prohibition.
Crime victims have petitioned for writs of mandamus to compel courts to enforce procedural rights in other forums with varying degrees of success.
The act to establish the judicial courts of the United States authorizes the supreme court 'to issue writs of mandamus, in cases warranted by the principles and the usages of law, to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under the authority of the United States.
If the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction--because the case is one of the "cases herein after specially provided for"--then it may issue writs of mandamus to carry out that appellate jurisdiction.
While the Ohio Supreme Court has original jurisdiction for writs of mandamus or prohibition action, the facts in Sheward do not satisfy the common law requirements for either of those writs.
Writs of mandamus are restricted to forcing an agency to carry out their duties, and are not available to strip an agency of its discretion in its method of carrying out the duty.
The fact that two federal courts of appeals have entertained challenges to consolidation and class certification decisions on petitions for writs of mandamus should give defendants authority for obtaining such review under appropriate circumstances.
34) For example, writs of mandamus have been used to compel a trial judge to rule on a pending motion; (35) to compel a trial judge to submit to a jury issues that are so triable by right; (36) and to compel a trial judge to enforce another state's judgment of child custody.
8) And because Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 (9) purportedly conferred on the Supreme Court original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus in this type of case, Section 13 was unconstitutional.
The rule identifies writs of mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, certiorari, habeas corpus, and all writs necessary to the complete exercise of the courts' jurisdiction.