International Court of Justice

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Related to World Court: ICC, World Bank

International Court of Justice

Also called the ICJ. The supreme judicial body of the United Nations. It decides disputes between states and rules on questions submitted to it by various international organizations, notably the UN General Assembly. It claims global jurisdiction but this is not universally accepted. It began in 1946 and is based in the Hague. It should not be confused with the International Criminal Court.
References in periodicals archive ?
And yet for all the Ortega administration's enthusiasm, it is unclear how much the latest World Court decision really helps the Nicaraguan cause, which continues to be hampered by complete intransigence on the part of authorities in Bogota.
Under existing procedures, framing questions to the World Court is entirely a prerogative of states, either as contending parties or, as with the Kosovo opinion, operating through the UN.
An answer in the affirmative--that the Supreme Court would be obliged to obey the World Court and order police officers imprisoned for five years--would have been subject to withering skepticism by the Court.
More to the point, notwithstanding Ocampo's good intentions, the world court cannot put Bashir in the dock because Sudan as yet does not come under the jurisdiction of the world court.
Chief Justice John Roberts stated that Article 94 of the UN Charter provides only that "each member of the United Nations undertakes to comply" with World Court decisions, and that further action by Congress would be needed if the United States were to be subject to World Court decisions.
LEAVE ISLET DISPUTE TO WORLD COURT (The Daily Yomiuri as translated from the Yomiuri Shimbun)
entrance into the World Court (1923), an effort that led to the organization of the first Conference on the Cause and the Cure of War in 1925.
Supreme Court is scheduled to hear a case that tests whether Jose Medellin, a Mexican national on death row in Texas, has a right to a new hearing in federal court after the World Court ruling, the Los Angeles Times reported.
THE WORLD COURT IN ACTION: JUDGING AMONG THE NATIONS.
Since the founding of the United Nations in 1945, the ICJ--also known as the "World Court"--has functioned essentially as the judicial arm of the UN system.
And the United States is certain to veto any pro-Palestinian United Nations resolution ordering Israel to abide by the decision of the World Court.
Israel's prime minister, Ariel Sharon, has ordered construction to continue on the West Bank security barrier, despite a World Court ruling declaring the project illegal.
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