working time


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to working time: Working hours

working time

the amount of time spent working for an employer. In the European Union this is regulated by the Working Time Directive and the Young Worker's Directive. In general this legislation restricts weekly hours of work to 48 but this may be averaged out over a period of time. Workers can also choose to work longer hours, and some groups of workers are excluded in both the Directive and national legislation implementing the Directive. The legislation also provides rights to rest periods and to a minimum of four weeks paid holiday each year.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is certainly not the case, since record keeping only requires the recording of working time. Flexibility regarding the organization of working time is particularly emphasized precisely by workers who work at home.
Ideally working time should exceed the time required for mixing, filling the tray, injecting the material on the prepared tooth/teeth, and seating the tray in the mouth.17 Setting time of elastomeric impression material is the time between the start of mixing until the polymerisation process has advanced sufficiently and developed elastic properties that permit the removal of the impression from the mouth over undercuts.8,18.
The Working Time Directive and Working Time Regulations (WTR) essentially deals with rest breaks, associated recording keeping and health assessments.
The decision of the ECJ was that time spent travelling to a first destination from home and from a last destination to home should be counted as working time. The workers were deemed to be carrying out their duties when travelling to a first client because they had no fixed place or office to go to beforehand.
Many UK companies do not consider travel time outside normal working hours as working time, but now thousands of companies may need to make changes.
Neither the Working Time Directive nor the Working Time Regulations passed in England and Wales in 1998 to implement the directive said anything about travel to and from work or between places of work.
The Working Time Directive falls |under Health and Safety regulations, and so employees do not need to have two years employment to take a case to tribunal.
Research material has been composed of documentation of working time measures within the framework of classes: management in nursing during a nursing course taking place annually at one of the Medical Universities.
Nonetheless, a series of problems are left unresolved, and these have led to several judgements from the EU Court of Justice, such as the on-call time in certain sectors, the possibility of providing more flexibility in some sectors when calculating weekly working times, and derogations from the 48-hour limit (the opt-out' clause).
They are elected by the people, and their work on behalf of the public is not subject to the European Working Time Directive.
Around 2,600 employees will be covered by this agreement but certain employee groups are exempted, namely: trainees, part-time workers (up to 50% of normal working time) and employees with an income lower than EUR1,100.
On the other side, using the Mintzberg researches, the usage of the daily working time for a top manager has the structure like in Table 1 (Tuturea, 1999).