By the application, the market is segmented into metal finishing, pigments, wood preservatives
, leather tanning, and others.
In addition of these researches also other groups have developed interesting wood preservatives
Standard Method of Determining the Leachability of Wood Preservatives
Decking represents the largest end-use application for wood preservative
chemicals in the United States.
In 2002, a 15-group coalition headed by the national nonprofit Beyond Pesticides sued the EPA for continuing to allow the use of these wood preservatives
, despite knowledge of their harmful effects, and dragging out the review process.
Osmose's ProDrive ceramic-coated screws are approved for use with the next-generation wood preservatives
. Bostitch recommends its new ThickCoat Galvanized fasteners, which feature a chromate coating over the zinc layers.
Several relatively nontoxic wood preservatives
are already available, and they repel rot and bugs about as well as CCA does, notes Jim Jones, director of EPA'S Office of Pesticide Programs in Arlington, Va.
Most arsenic wood preservatives
will be banned in Europe from June.
They include products such as wood preservatives
, disinfectants and insecticides.
It said EPA is aware of the wood preservatives
' health and environmental risks and the availabilty of alternatives.
The lawsuit contends that the EPA knows how dangerous these substances are but refuses to acknowledge the presence of widely available and economically viable alternatives, such as: naturally pest-resistant wood species (e.g., cedar and redwood); recycled steel, fiberglass or concrete for utility poles or the burial of utility lines; recycled plastic for marine pilings; composite lumber made with recycled plastic; borate-based wood preservatives
; and wood treated with safer chemicals (e.g., alkaline copper quaternary, copper boron azole and Copper-8-quinolinate).
In February 2002, the agency announced a "voluntary decision by industry" to phase out wood preservatives
containing arsenic in wood intended for "residential uses" by December 31, 2003.