Widow's Benefit

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Widow's Benefit

In the U.S., a state-level deduction from taxable income of the amount a widow or widower receives from the estate of his/her deceased spouse. The benefit means the widow or widower pays little or nothing in state inheritance taxes.
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The surviving spouse of a fully or currently insured worker is entitled to a mother's or father's benefit at any age if: (1) caring for a child under age 16, or disabled before age 22, who is entitled to a child's benefit on the deceased worker's account; (2) the child is the survivor's own child or is legally adopted; (3) the surviving spouse is unmarried; (4) no widow's or widower's benefit is available; (5) no retirement benefit is available based on the surviving spouse's own work record which is equal to or larger than the mother's or father's benefit; and (6) application has been filed for benefits.
The surviving spouse can receive no further benefits until becoming entitled to a surviving spouse's benefit at age 60 (or a disabled widow's or widower's benefit at age 50).