The European Court of Human Rights agreed that whole-life
sentences breached human rights and the shock ruling led to a national debate over whether life should mean life.
The Strasbourg-based court held that there had been a violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights - which relates to inhuman and degrading treatment - on the basis that whole-life
orders were not "reducible".
In a previous judgment in July 2013, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) had ruled UK domestic law was unclear on whether those serving whole-life
terms can be released.
The double killer, from Ely, Cardiff, was given a whole-life
sentence for the murder of New Zealander Clive Tully - whose torso, head and limbs were found in bags.
But that was increased to whole-life
in 1994 by then-Home Secretary Leon Brittan, who died recently.
Gaynor said: "These whole-life
terms are reserved only for the most brutal murderers such as child killers and those who kill police officers but Steffan was still my child, even at 22, we shouldn't categorise by age, murder is still murder and should be treated as such.
According to the report, the judges ruled the imposition of whole-life
terms was not incompatible with Article 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights, which prohibits torture and inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
But their claims were strongly opposed by Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke, who has said the Government has been "fighting the case vigorously and defending the principle of the whole-life
Before considering why companies remain reluctant to use whole-life
costing to inform their investment decisions, it's worth recapping what the concept actually means.
Hartford's recent whole-life
product, for example, funds 412i business retirement plans and better serves owners of small businesses, a major segment of the population the company serves.
Parliament had given no express authority for creating a whole-life
tariff category of punishment, and neither was there an implied authority, said Mr Fitzgerald.
The higher the premiums for the life insurance that you purchase, the more money they make, which is why they prefer to sell whole-life
insurance--the most expensive insurance you can buy.