We observed improved audiometric scores after intervention, particularly of speech recognition, together with fMRI signal increase in the primary auditory cortex, Wernicke's area
, and visual areas.
Garrison et al, "Wernicke's area
homologue in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and its relation to the appearance of modern human language," Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.
Isolated translocation of Wernicke's area
to the right hemisphere in a 62-year-man with a temporo-parietal glioma.
Unfortunately for phrenology, experimental science proved, even as early as the 1870's with the discovery of Wernicke's area
, that its claims were unfounded.
Over time, while Wernicke's area
remained damaged, an adjacent area took on this cognitive task.
is located adjacent to the cortical representation of hearing, and it is assumed that this area is involved in the recognition of the patterns of spoken language (Geschwind, 1970).
According to Julian Jaynes, the phenomenon of inspiration as the hearing of voices (of the Muses or of any other agency) is explained by the fact that the right hemisphere (parieto/temporal location corresponding to Wernicke's area
) originates auditory signals which are transmitted to the left hemisphere's Wernicke's area
through the anterior commissure.
is the part responsible for understanding speech.
The primary auditory area, also known as Wernicke's area
, is located in the superior temporal gyrus.
, named after the German neurologist Karl Wernicke, is located behind Broca's area, just around the temples.
Cluster #9 corresponds to the Wernicke's area
. And finally, Cluster #11 refers to the left basal ganglia.
H2: Jhanas should show decreased activation compared to the rest state in Brocas area (BA 44,45) and in Wernicke's area