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A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.
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that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Also cited in copy of speech by Dian Wellfare of Origins, given at Parliament House, Melbourne on 20.02.1998.
Ibstock Wellfare eased to a 3-0 win at home to Coalville Town, all the goals coming in the first half through Martin Emery, Tony Butler and Paul Collier.
NCSL will soon publish a book on state wellfare reform efforts - Meeting the Challenges of Welfare Reform: Programs with Promise - of which he is the primary author.
His opponent, Rudy Boschwitz, labeled him "embarrassingly liberal" and "Senator Wellfare" for his lonely and outspoken defense of federal welfare guarantees.
THE only doubt about Celtic's third round Tennents Scottish Cup Tie with little Whitehill Wellfare at Easter Road this afternoon - apart from the weather - will be the margin of victory for the Glasgow giants, writes ALLAN HERRON.
The bill would remove the existing safety net for families in poverty by converting many wellfare programs to block grants.
To this end, and while maintaining fiscal restraint, the Malawi government is to give top priority to the social sector's of Education, Health, Community & Social Wellfare, and Water & Sanitation.
The other, applied mostly to young people and racial minorities, deems them ineligible for the labor force by claiming they are an unskilled or undisciplined "underclass," pays some of them "wellfare" and drives others into despair, addiction, crime and prison.