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A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.


that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

References in periodicals archive ?
To fully appreciate this intriguing argument, a few words on the status of social welfare rights in the United States are warranted.
judicial retreat from welfare rights was a near thing, occurring in the
Political participation was very important to welfare rights activists, but so was the "right to a piece of the pie," in the words of the Las Vegas mother-activist Ruby Duncan.
Such were the beginnings of the discussion that Machan and I have had over the relationship between libertarianism and welfare rights.
I am delighted to learn that Cass Sunstein's "bottom line" is opposition to judicial recognition of welfare rights.
He observes that a number of other countries have added welfare rights to their constitutions but name them non-enforceable.
Welfare rights on Indian reserves in British Columbia.
This unique collection of essays invites readers to trespass the borders of schooling in order to understand the range of spaces within which youth are forming and reforming identities, relations, and, in some cases, social movements amidst the cloudy backlash to feminism, civil rights, welfare rights, and lesbian/gay movements.
enough to exclude legal (2) welfare rights as they are upheld in typical
The system will also enable local welfare rights groups to represent their clients without having to pay travel costs and spend time out of the office.
Pham and Hart say their participation in a rally for welfare rights at Minnesota's capitol building in St.