welfare

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Welfare

A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.

welfare

that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

References in periodicals archive ?
(17) The book's third part focuses on social welfare rights. Here, Tushnet explains the connection between the "state action" and "horizontal effect" doctrines, and the enforcement of social welfare rights.
Arguably, one of Tushnet's main achievements is his ability to go beyond the traditional call common among progressive activists to formally constitutionalize social welfare rights and/or to adopt a more generous judicial interpretation of such right provisions.
judicial retreat from welfare rights was a near thing, occurring in the
on how welfare rights may be recognized through constitutional
Political participation was very important to welfare rights activists, but so was the "right to a piece of the pie," in the words of the Las Vegas mother-activist Ruby Duncan.
Such were the beginnings of the discussion that Machan and I have had over the relationship between libertarianism and welfare rights. Let me now recount more of its history.
Melnick's review of my book reduces my central ambition to a case for "welfare rights." He ignores almost all of my arguments, and distorts both the substance and the spirit of the conclusions that flow from them.
He observes that a number of other countries have added welfare rights to their constitutions but name them non-enforceable.
Still We Rise demanded housing for the homeless; immigrants' and welfare rights; health care and HIV services; and justice for those in the court and prison system.
She explains: 'I have an unshakable belief in the inherent capacity of every individual to become a leader and co-create solutions.' She is the co-founder of two previous organizations, Iris House--a multi-service support centre in Harlem created by and for women affected by HIV/Aids--and, more recently, Welfare Rights Initiative--a grassroots leadership training and student advocacy organization.
Welfare rights on Indian reserves in British Columbia.
welfare rights (i.e., rights to a minimum provision of welfare goods,