(a) The Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test was selected to test for the existence of weak-form efficiency
in the selected East Asian region.
A recent study by Palamalai & Kalaivani (2015) does conduct tests of weak-form efficiency
for Indian sectoral indices, but in contrast to the aforementioned study, which tests for serial correlation and any departures from a random walk using autocorrelation, unit root, variance ratio, and the runs tests, the present work employs fractional integration models to check for the presence of long-range dependence or memory in the series.
These three versions are known as (i) weak-form efficiency
, (ii) semi-strong form efficiency and (iii) strong-form efficiency.
in the Nigerian Stock Exchange.
In order to test the weak-form efficiency
of the Romanian capital market and different aspects regarding the behavior of financial assets, we have used daily closing prices for the BET Index, for the period starting from the 22th of September, 1997, and ending to the 10th of July, 2015.
The article "Malaysian finance sector weak-form efficiency
: Heterogeneity, structural breaks, and cross-sectional dependence" attempts to test weak form efficiency of the banking system in Malaysia from a sample data that runs from 1994-2014.
Emerging markets also exhibited weak-form efficiency
. In Singapore (Hong, 1978), Malaysia (Barnes, 1986), and Greece (Panas, 1990).
Frimpong, J.M., Abaiye, E.F.O., 2007, "Market Returns and Weak-Form Efficiency
: the case of the Ghana Stock Exchange", Munich Personal RePEc Archive,
This is a condition required for a set of survey expectational series to meet the term of weak-form efficiency
. This property can be examined based on Mullineaux (1978) framework by estimating the following Equation (9):
Their findings indicate that stock markets in Mauritius and Morocco may be efficient while the stock markets in Mauritius and Morocco, Botswana, Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Swaziland are not consistent with weak-form efficiency
. The application of the EGARCH model enabled them to capture how conditional volatility affects the pricing process without imposing undue restrictions on the parameters of the conditional variance equation.
Analysis of Weak-Form Efficiency
on the Nigerian Stock Market: Further Evidence from GARCH Model.