Volost

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Volost

In Imperial Russia, a political subdivision roughly equivalent to a county that was abolished in the 1920s after the rise of the Soviet Union.
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References in periodicals archive ?
One traveler told of meeting him on a steamer when he was on his way to investigate a murder, together with a clerk from the volost' where the crime had been committed.
As the 1891 harvest failure threatened starvation, the Herald of Europe was the first publication to use the term "famine." (15) Doubting that the land captains could deal with such a widespread calamity, Arsen'ev resurrected his crusade for the creation of the all-estate volost', arguing that such an institution was especially beneficial in times of crisis, when imperial institutions needed to communicate rapidly with rural locales.
(35) In the minds of legislators, the distinction between the various categories of penal labor and exile in Siberia to which offenders could be sentenced may well have been clear, but villagers referred interchangeably to compatriots sentenced to jail or penal battalions by volost' courts as exiles and prisoners.
Frierson, "'I Must Always Answer to the Law...' Rules and Responses in the Reformed Volost' Court," Slavonic and East European Review 75, 2 (1997): 308-44.
In 1882, it published Arsen'ev's "liberal program," which included freedom of the press, freedom of conscience, personal inviolability, educational reform, rural land and tax reform, and the establishment of an all-estate volost' (rural township or canton, a self-government unit below the district zemstvo).
In a manner similar to Jane Burbank's arguments on the volost' courts, McReynolds argues that Russian juries were relatively autonomous in their "legal values," but she glosses over the consequences of such legal values (111).
(18) Sevsk district comprised the Komaritskaia court peasants' canton (dvortsovaia volost'), which provided about 5,000 men for service in dragoon regiments.
Lykoshin, "Chapkullukskaia volost' Khodzhentskogo uezda," SKSO, no.
Such was the case in the village Malye Ayzy, where a group of several dozen protesters descended upon the seat of local administration, beating up the clerk and the canton (volost') chairman.
Here, too, they note one major difference between the corporate organization of the peasant soslovie and all others: where other corporate bodies were purely local, peasants had two layers of corporate bodies governing them: the village obshchina and the volost' (township) society, as well.
(38) Banished to Verkhnepashenskoe village, in Ust'-Tungusskaia volost', Eniseisk province, Tsybulenko received a permit to seek work more widely in the province in April 1876 and thereafter effectively dropped off the authorities' radar, only to reappear a year later in the rescue party that saved Numelin.
(40) Russian peasants had their volost' courts, which provided easily accessible, personal justice, while Central Asian peasants had their so-called "popular judges," qazis administering Islamic law.