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ROA (1)

ROA (2)

Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


1. Right of accumulation. In loaded mutual funds, the right of a shareholder to pay a reduced load (or sales fee) when he/she purchases more than a certain a dollar amount of the mutual fund. The dollar amount is known as the breakpoint. For example, if the breakpoint for a certain mutual fund is $50,000; an investor has the right to reduce the load by, say, half when he/she invests more than $50,000 in the fund. It thus becomes advantageous for the investor to invest $50,000 instead of, say, $45,000, because this will entitle him/her to half the load for the entire investment, and not just for the amount invested past $50,000. Mutual funds that allow investors to buy at just below the breakpoint may run afoul of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority regulations. The right of accumulation is not limited to a single investment; an investor putting two tranches of $25,000 into the above mutual fund will usually find his excess load refunded.

2. Return on assets. A measure of how efficiently a company is using its assets in order to produce a profit. It is calculated by taking the aftertax profit over a given period of time and dividing by the value of the net assets. A higher return on assets is seen as a sign of stronger financial health. See also: Earning power.
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Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.