Generally, only retroactive modifications affecting already vested rights
violate the Contracts Clause.
(which will withstand a later zoning regulation) in a
The Supreme Court held (1) the "vested rights
" doctrine was inapplicable; and (2) the mine owner was subject to the grading permit requirement as the grading requirement was a reasonable police power regulation and there was no indication that complying with grading requirement would terminate the owner's existing nonconforming use.
In local land-use planning, the concept of a vested right
emerges somewhere along a continuum between policies that simply encourage reliance and those that, perhaps more philosophically but no less pragmatically, pursue the integrity of individual right in "property." In Virginia, the land-use statute makes clear that local jurisdictions may not deprive landowners of their vested rights
.(361) In determining whether a vested right
exists, reliance theory involves a fact-specific inquiry.
Yard-Man, Inc.,(30) several courts have inferred that promised retiree health benefits are a vested right
to which workers are entitled.
The judge observed that 'none of the members of these categories have a vested right
to obtain land in a non-transparent manner.
'The continued possession and considerable investment of private claimants do not automatically give them a vested right
They argued that they had a vested right
, pursuant to the declaration and bylaws, to elect a majority of the board and that no law could impair those vested rights
The zoning ordinance adopted in February emphasizes, however, that no nonconforming property has a vested right
to continue its current use.
"The health of our citizens cannot be measured by any cost and treatment anywhere is a vested right
for them," he said.
Federal Service Tribunal in its decision dated 02.12.2011 had inter-alia observed that "Promotion and seniority are definitely not vested rights
. Sections-8 and 9 of the Civil Servants Act, 1973 read together with section 4(1) proviso (b) of the Service Tribunals Act, 1973 are very clear on that However, to be considered for promotion and seniority is a vested right
A "vested right
to invoke the [statute of limitations] bar"