Water issue has generated conflict both vertically and horizontally: vertical conflict
inside the country due to absence or weakness of policy structures, while horizontally against the neighbors, who in turn blame Pakistan for not using water optimally for energy production.
It is a vertical conflict
between the state and various ethnically defined societies.
All of the above dynamics sustain the potential for both horizontal and vertical conflict.
They work with a broad cross-section of rural and urban communities and are recognised for their work in supporting land rights for local communities at-risk from resource extraction, for monitoring human rights abuses, and facilitating resolution of both horizontal and vertical conflicts in Papua.
The third type of conflict, and "the one that has been most neglected by economic theoreticians," he termed vertical conflict
. (10) He noted that due to the classical assumption of perfect competition, "power is completely absent." (11) Palamountain was here referring to the prototypical wheat farmer in the classical economic texts who faces a perfectly elastic, horizontal demand curve and is too small to influence the price he pays for inputs or receives for his output.
 Horizontal conflict occurs between similar firms at the same level in the channel, intertype conflict occurs between different types of intermediaries at the same level, and vertical conflict occurs between intermediaries at different levels of the channel.
Table 3 also reveals a great deal of vertical conflict between intermediaries at different levels of the channel.
The community camps were again involved in a horizontal split, and each camp was trying to get the selection committee into a submissive role, thereby setting up a vertical conflict
between levels of the system.
Each module, or pod, required additional design coordination, which consisted of design drawings produced at a shop drawing or 3D level to minimize horizontal and vertical conflicts
, and to ensure that all components can be installed, accessed, and maintained.
are detected more easily considering the security cylinders.
arise between technical communication managers and the technical communication specialists who report to them.