Different classes of verbal operants, such as tacts, mands, and intraverbals are often parts of a single utterance.
Except at the very basic level, VB training involves multiple verbal operants.
The starting point in the development of a verbal behavior intervention plan for children with ASDs is the mand (Brady, Saunders, & Spradlin, 1994; Drash, High, & Tudor, 1999; Sundberg & Michael, 2001).
Unlike mands, the four other primary verbal operants are controlled by discriminative stimuli and are maintained by nonspecific consequences, such as social attention and tangible reinforcers (Skinner, 1957).
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and its application to assessment and remediation of communication deficits.
His notes for this class became the basis for the book, Verbal Behavior (1957).
The various effects of Skinner's (1957) book Verbal Behavior are the stuff of legend.
Now, like the subject matter itself, the analysis of verbal behavior is complex and multifaceted, with researchers pursuing a variety of research strategies and themes.
Behavior Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (Schlinger, 2008a): (a) that I overstated the importance of the impact of Verbal
Behavior (VB; Skinner, 1957) on empirical research; (b) that I was incorrect in my assessment that Skinner's interpretation was consistent with the principles established in the laboratory; (c) that I overlooked "the ongoing debate and controversy from within behavior analysis about the consistency of Skinner's interpretation" (p.
Given these relationships, Skinner provided categories for the analysis of verbal
behavior, called verbal
(4) The misconception that Skinner's analysis of verbal
behavior is inadequate for the analysis of complex behavior such as emerging relations, equivalence, novelty, relational frames, or generative grammar.
Even such basic grammatical-structural distinctions as verbal
auxiliary copula and subject noun-object noun do not hold good under experimental manipulations inherent to treatment (Hegde, 1980; Hegde, & McConn, 1978; Hegde, Noll, & Pecora, 1979; McReynolds & Engmann, 1974).