The prevalence of IVH in VLBW
infants was 67.0%, which is higher than what has recently been reported in Zambia, a country regarded as being of similar economic status to SA.
Prior research demonstrates that inadequate nurse staffing and poor work environments are associated with poorer outcomes for VLBW
infants treated in the NICU (Rogowski et al.
Details of the New Zealand 1986 VLBW
cohort study and objectives have been published previously (1).In the current study (1), 229 participants (71% of the surviving cohort) gave informed consent for restudy at 1 center (Christchurch, New Zealand).
With consideration to the birth weight parameter, it was found that VLBW
mothers contributed for at least 56% to preterm donation coming from 17 donors (44,7%), while ELBW donors contributed at a rate of 41%, coming from 11 (29%) donors.
Over the past few decades, the outcomes of VLBW
and ELBW neonates have improved significantly, particularly since the introduction of exogenous surfactant therapy in 1990'111 and the increased administration of antenatal steroids since the mid-1990s.
219 were parents of VP or VLBW
babies, and the remaining 227 had babies born at full-term (37-42 weeks gestation).
Late-onset sepsis is noted to be four times higher in very low birth weight (VLBW
) infants (66).
Selection criteria included gestational age at birth of <32 weeks (very preterm infant, VPI) and/or weight at birth <1500 g (very and extremely low birth weight, VLBW
In the present study, we aimed to determine the incidence of severe hypophosphatemia and hypokalemia during the early postnatal period and to identify the risk factors for the development of refeeding syndrome-like hypophosphatemia in VLBW
, published on January 2017, has evaluated the ibuprofen intrarectal way ofadministration, which became as effective as the oral way in VLBW
neonates with hsPDA.
They suggested that minimizing peak inspiratory pressures and use of optimal PEEP to decrease the risk of pneumothorax in very low birth weight (VLBW
LOW-COST, LOW-RISK interventions can significantly lower the rate of necrotizing enterocolitis among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW
) infants, according to a study published in Pediatrics.