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In real estate, a change in a property's value caused by a lessee or another person who has possession but no ownership rights. Waste usually results in a reduction in the property value, for which the owner ordinarily is entitled compensation. Waste may be positive or negative; positive waste results from the possessor's act, while negative waste results from his/her omission. An example of the former is destroying the floor with a sledge hammer, while an example of the latter is neglecting a termite infestation for so long that the floor collapses.


An abusive or destructive use of property by someone who is entitled to possession but who does not have complete ownership rights, such as a tenant, mortgage borrower, or a joint owner.Waste is more than normal wear and tear and implies neglect or misconduct. Contrast with trespass, which is damage by one who is not entitled to possession.There are three types of waste:

1. Voluntary waste (also called affirmative waste) is an intentional change to property resulting in damage to the property.

2. Permissive waste (also called negligent waste) is a failure to maintain property, so that it deteriorates in value.

3. Ameliorative waste occurs when the changes increase the value of the property. In some jurisdictions, a court will still award damages because the owner is entitled to have its property remain in the same condition, without being subjected to others' opinions regarding whether it was improved or not. Other jurisdictions refuse to allow damages, finding that the owner has been benefited by the actions.

References in periodicals archive ?
From sport to culture and documentaries, the programmes produced by the station which we pay for are utter rubbish.
Chief executive Peter Storrie said: "Just to put the record straight, it is complete and utter rubbish to suggest we paid Harry money to stay.
I just don't believe he can say such utter rubbish, and with an election looming.
That is total and utter rubbish - had it been any normal child nobody would have batted an eyelid, including the authorities.
David and Victoria were honoured to be at the royal wedding and it is utter rubbish to say otherwise," he added.
Clarkson said those speaking out had "a grudge" against the show, adding: "Any claims that I fake Top Gear road tests are utter rubbish.
The allegations made in these reports are total and utter rubbish.
It's bad enough Alex Beam not doing his research and then writing such utter rubbish in the first place.
DM, of Jesmond, what utter rubbish to suggest unemployed people do menial tasks such as sweeping roads, washing off graffiti, picking up litter and clearing paths during winter.
Company spokesman James Cooke said: "It is utter rubbish to suggest we are seeking to move out of Kirkby.
As a child I used to observe my mum and dad talking complete and utter rubbish.
I am afraid all of this is complete and utter rubbish,'' he said.