One commenting party requested clarification of the controls for printed circuit boards designed for USML
articles, and their related designs or digital data.
Similarly, Category XIV of the USML
controls any technical data or defense services4 related to the biological agents controlled by the same category.
A firm can request clarification if its item falls under ITAR or challenge the presence of an item on the USML
by implementing a Commodity Jurisdiction Request.
It is also argued that the USML
and the bureaucratic mechanisms
(149) Categories restricted from transfer under FEPP include computers, defense articles on the USML
, (150) and items on the Commerce Control List.
authorization, the export of USML
items with certain exceptions to both countries for combined military counter-terrorism operations, joint research, development and production projects that are mutually agreed and items for U.S.
The Core of the ITAR is the United States Munitions List (USML
XIII(b), repealed by Removal of Commercial Communications Satellites and Hot Section Technology from State's USML
for Transfer to Commerce's CCL, 61 Fed.
1996), authorizes the President to regulate the import and export of "defense articles" by designating such items on the United States Munitions List (USML
The State Department maintains a United States Munitions List (USML
) which is quite extensive.
ITAR is the stricter set of regulations and is for articles and technical data designed or otherwise intended for military end-use as listed or described in the United States Munitions List (USML
) or the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex.