Federal Reserve System

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Federal Reserve System

The monetary authority of the US, established in 1913, and governed by the Federal Reserve Board located in Washington, D.C. The system includes 12 Federal Reserve Banks and is authorized to regulate monetary policy in the US as well as to supervise Federal Reserve member banks, bank holding companies, international operations of US banks, and US operations of foreign banks.
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Federal Reserve System

The central bank system of the United States. The Federal Reserve regulates the monetary policy of the United States, especially by setting the discount rate and the fed funds rate and by buying and selling U.S. Treasury securities. It consists of 12 regional banks that operate under the guidance of a Federal Reserve Board, whose seven members are appointed by the President of the United States. The Federal Reserve System has the authority to print money, a controversial measure both now and at the time it was founded. All federally-chartered banks must belong to the Federal Reserve System and purchase a certain amount of stock in the Federal Reserve bank in charge of their particular regions. The Federal Reserve System was established in 1913.
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Federal Reserve System

The independent central bank that influences the supply of money and credit in the United States through its control of bank reserves. Federal Reserve actions have great impact on security prices. For example, restriction of bank reserves and lending ability in an attempt to restrain inflation tends to drive up interest rates and drive down security prices over the short run. Also called Fed. See also Federal Open Market Committee.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Federal Reserve System.

The Federal Reserve System, sometimes known as the Fed, is the central bank of the United States.

The Federal Reserve System, which was established in 1913 to stabilize the country's financial system, includes 12 regional Federal Reserve banks, 25 Federal Reserve branch banks, all national banks, and some state banks. Member banks must meet the Fed's financial standards.

Under the direction of a chairman, a seven-member Federal Reserve Board oversees the system and determines national monetary policy. Its goal is to keep the economy healthy and its currency stable.

The Fed's Open Market Committee (FOMC) sets the discount rate and establishes credit policies. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York puts those policies into action by buying and selling government securities.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Federal Reserve System

Often called “the Fed,”it is the central bank of the United States,created in 1913.It regulates credit through the interest rates it charges for short-term loans to financial institutions,supervises and regulates banking institutions,and provides advisory services to the government.Funding comes from interest on investments,fees for services to depository institutions,and interest on loans.The public usually comes into contact with the Fed in two ways:When the Federal Reserve chairman announces interest rate changes for loans to member financial institutions,almost all financial institutions change their interest rates within days afterward.In this way,the Fed controls the cost of credit to consumers.Additionally,it provides a central clearinghouse for checks drawn on different banks across the nation, making it possible for your bank in your home town to give you credit for a check drawn on another bank on the other side of the country.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
There was more good news from the United States Federal Reserve, which said the world's largest economy appeared to be "levelling out" from its worst recession in decades.
The market started strongly as investors reacted positively to the overnight decision by the United States Federal Reserve to cut interest rates by 0.5%.
Much may also depend on the United States Federal Reserve's own verdict on interest rates tonight.
United States Federal Reserve chairman Mr Alan Greenspan has quashed hopes of a joint G7 rate cut, but kept alive hopes of lower US rates on worries about the domestic economy.
The report stated that the decline in LCY government bond yields were affected by the decisions of the United States Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank and the Bank of Japan, which indicated that they will maintain their current policy rates for the rest of 2019
Given that there were no major drivers domestically, these could come from external developments, including speculation on interest rate movements to be ordered by the United States Federal Reserve next month.
The United States Federal Reserve is used to dealing with money, but one employee decided to work with a currency less common than the U.S.
First tried by Japan in 2001 to combat deflation, the United States Federal Reserve began using it in 2008 to respond to the financial market crisis and pull the US economy out of recession.
With the exception of tin, trading volumes for metals were thin as investors were cautious ahead of an upcoming meeting of central bankers at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, which could offer clearer cues as to whether the United States Federal Reserve will launch new stimulus measure.
Over the past 20 years, central banks around the world, including the United States Federal Reserve, pursued price stability with remarkable success.
In November, the United States Federal Reserve granted approval to American Express to become a bank holding company which would be regulated by the Federal Reserve.

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