It addresses basic price theory; controversies related to the application of economics to law; the foundation of law and economics, the Coase Theorem, and its applications to property-related issues; concepts related to contracts and contract remedies; tort law, with emphasis on unintentional torts
and the Hand formula; the economics of settlement; criminal law; the economic theory behind antitrust law; economic rationales for the regulation of business; intellectual property; the evolution of law, and economic factors involved; tax policy and taxes on intergenerational transfers; marriage and the family; and public choice theory.
(64) Current tort claims can be understood as fitting within four categories: direct intentional torts, indirect intentional torts, direct unintentional torts, and indirect unintentional torts.
(68) In the 19th century, courts began to distinguish between intentional and unintentional torts, setting the foundation for the development of modern tort law and the rise of negligence as a basis for liability.
For Canadian scholarship that discusses the distinction between direct and indirect and intentional and unintentional torts, see e.g.
However, in most common law countries there is a clear-cut division between intentional and unintentional torts
, (90) and thus it will be necessary to rely on the intentional torts, not on negligence, since the abduction is of course intentional.
Generally, torts are divided into two broad categories: intentional torts and unintentional torts (which, in turn, are divided into two subcategories: negligence and strict liability torts).
(133) Under current law, Alzheimer's patients can be found liable to the general public and their caregivers for either intentional or unintentional torts. Meanwhile, these caregivers, formal and informal, can be held liable to the patients for their negligent acts, and to the general public for both their own negligent acts and those committed by their patients.
The Alzheimer's patient's tort liability to the general public can result from both intentional and unintentional torts. Because Alzheimer's disease affects the patient's cognitive functions, much of the existing jurisprudence on the tort liability of Alzheimer's patients is built on insanity defense models.
Regarding unintentional torts, an Alzheimer's patient's liability to the general public arises out of the duty not to harm one's neighbors enunciated in Donoghue v.
One chapter is devoted to applications of traditional tort law to the new biotechnologies in intentional and unintentional torts
. Appendices review general principles of cell biology, molecular biology, and DNA.
can seem a little less straightforward.
They include fire, flood, severe windstorm, collapse, embezzlement, theft, business interruption including contingency, death, disability and intentional and/or unintentional torts
. In addition, consideration should be given to other adverse exposures such as hostile takeovers, product extortion, product contamination, product recall, government regulatory problems and destructive union and strike activities.