Unfavorable Balance of Trade

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Unfavorable Balance of Trade

The value of a nation's imports in excess of the value of its exports.

Unfavorable Balance of Trade

The difference between the value of a country's exports and the value of its imports such that imports exceed exports. Analysts disagree on the impact, if any, of an unfavorable balance of trade on the economy. Some economists believe that an unfavorable balance of trade, especially if sustained, causes unemployment and lowers GDP growth. Others believe that the balance of trade has little impact, because the more international trade occurs, the more likely it is that foreign companies will invest in the home country, negating any negative effects. An unfavorable balance of trade is also called a trade deficit.
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Losses of jobs caused by shifts of production to other areas are more than balanced by the creation of new employment opportunities; and any resulting unfavorable balances of trade are but a temporary phenomenon as incomes and levels of living in competing areas and the value of national currencies rise or fall to rational levels.
That Political Economy, therefore, which busies itself about capital and labor, supply and demand, interest and rents, favorable and unfavorable balances of trade; but leaves out of account the element of a wide-spread mental development, is nought but stupendous folly.