developing country

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Less Developed Country

A country with lower GDP relative to other countries. Less developed countries are characterized by little industry and sometimes a comparatively high dependence on foreign aid. Less developed countries often undertake programs of development, with greater or lesser interventions on the part of the national governments. They are major borrowers from organizations such as the World Bank. While no strict definition of which countries are less developed exists, most countries that do not belong to the OECD are considered less developed. See also: International development.

developing country

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less developed country

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underdeveloped country

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emerging country

or

Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
This proportion is consistent with prior observations of EBV association in undeveloped countries where most of the EBV-positive cases were besides classified as mixed cellularity (8).
Rather than free trade, the argument turns to support the idea of using protective tariffs and subsidies in areas where undeveloped countries need them, in order to grow their economies as the rich countries initially did.
Yet, according to Keith Lockitch, resident fellow of the Ayn Rand Institute, Irvine, Calif., "If environmentalists were really concerned about people in undeveloped countries, they would be helping them to bring about what they [actually] need: industrial development.
The board voted against providing financial support to national nursing associations (NNAs) in undeveloped countries so their representatives could attend the International Council of Nurses' (ICN) conference in June.
In the book, Perkins recounts a decade-long career in which he traveled to undeveloped countries and estimated how much economic growth would occur if modern electric power plants and transmission lines were built there--with foreign-aid money.
If there is an alternative agenda for the undeveloped countries already ensnared in free-trade agreements with behemoths, said Byron Garoz of the Coordinadora de Organizaciones no Gubernamentales y Cooperativas (CONGCOOP), "ideally, it would be to renegotiate the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), or at least the chapter that refers to agriculture." Garoz said that the region ought to concentrate on south-south trade, where the differences are not so severe.
Unlike automobile and electronics technologies, transfer of AT from developed to undeveloped countries has not been accomplished effectively.
And that kind of work, often in undeveloped countries, requires strict control over aid programmes and careful planning from the outset, he adds.
The concepts underlying this standard are attractive to both developed and undeveloped countries having little wireline infrastructure.
Broken down into six chapters, Barlett and Steele judiciously examine some of these elements as: rampant overcharging of patients who do not have insurance, dissuading people from purchasing drugs from Canada with false information concerning the Canadian pharmaceutical industry, caving into the demands of special interest groups, the non-existence of independent monitoring of diagnostic test results and hospital mistakes, permitting politicians and business people to assume key roles to the detriment of the welfare of the citizens, a culture of cronyism giving rise to blatant fraud in many instances, doctors having to deal with conditions apt to be found in undeveloped countries, peopled shuffled around by individuals who do not have the foggiest notion as to how to deal with them.
The WTO has a vast membership (148 member countries and counting) that is composed of developed, developing and undeveloped countries alike.
* SARS gains a foothold in undeveloped countries that lack adequate healthcare systems.