An individual farmer sold an average of 15 bags of fresh cassava roots through this channel at an average farm gate price of Ugx.30, 000= (USD 12.00); meanwhile the wholesalers sold to retailers at Ugx.50, 000(USD 20.00) per bag
After buying two to ten bags of fresh tubers from producers and/or wholesalers at a price range of 20,000 Ugx (8.00 USD) to 35,000 Ugx (14.00 USD), the retailers later sold in heaps (about 2 kg) at 1,000 Ugx (0.40 USD) in the urban or peri-urban markets; a price increase of 50% above the farm gate price.
[...] In total, IHK/IMF annually allocates over UGX 1.7 billion shillings (approx.
(Environmental Officer, MGTFL) [...] We sell our products as Fair Trade products on the tea auction market in Mombasa and [in] 2013 we fetched over UGX 27 million (US$ 9,000).
of Labor from milk from ghee income workers costs per (UGX
) from 20 week liters of (UGX
) milk (UGX
) Farmer 1 (*) 14,000 x 7 - 98,000 - - days = 98,000 Farmer 2 14,000 x 7 12,000 x 7 182,000 2 40,000 days kg = 98,000 = 84,000 Farmer 3 - 12,000 x 7 84,000 2 40,000 kg = 84,000 Income Churner (UGX
) payback period (weeks) (#) Farmer 1 (*) 98,000 5.1 Farmer 2 142,000 3.5 Farmer 3 44,000 11.4 (*) Farmer 1 - sells her milk directly to consumers and/or collection/cooling centers; Farmer 2 - separates cream for butter/ghee-making and sells the skimmed milk to a milk collection/cooling center at a reduced price; Framer 3 - ferments all the milk to produce butter from which she makes ghee for sale.
That is, farmers cultivating an average of one hectare made an average gross profit of UGX 0.5 million/ha while those cultivating an average of three hectares made an average gross profit of at least UGX 1.5 million/ha.
With imputation of the opportunity cost of land and labour in production costs, however, the graph indicates that farmers' net profit increases moderately reaching UGX 0.5 million/ha at 3 hectares and thereafter declines rapidly to negative net profit at 4 hectares.
Where [E.sub.i] = Level of expenditure on fast-food (UGX