The wife of the consul also served several times as a judge for the Miss Chinatown U.S.A. contest.
Pageant organizers used these Chinese traditions of appreciating feminine beauty to justify the Miss Chinatown U.S.A. competition as an expression of Chinese, as well as American, culture.(15)
The conception of ethnic and gender identity promoted by the Miss Chinatown U.S.A. and Chinese New Year Festival during the 1950s and 1960s emphasized the blend of the exotic, passive Confucian East and the modern, democratic West.
The ability of the Miss Chinatown U.S.A. beauty pageant to reconcile tensions within the Chinese American community and with the broader society helped the event achieve widespread popularity.
During the late 1960s and 1970s, a generation of Chinese Americans who became involved with grass-roots social movements increasingly criticized the popular Miss Chinatown U.S.A. beauty pageant.
As part of their broader agenda to fundamentally change the existing social structure, they began criticizing the popular Miss Chinatown U.S.A. beauty pageant.
* While the number of households in America increases yearly (they totalled 95.7 million in 1992), the portion of households identified as "family units" has been declining steadily for years, from 81 percent in 1970 to 70 percent in 1992 (Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 1993).
Only 36 percent of black children are raised in two-parent households, compared to 77 percent of white children and 65 percent of Hispanic children (Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 1993).
By the year 2000, that ratio is expected to increase to one in two (Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 1993).
For children under six who are black, the poverty rate was 50 percent, as compared to 40 percent for children who are Hispanic and 14 percent for children who are white (Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 1993).
* According to Priority Management Systems, Inc., a management consulting firm, the average couple spends ten hours a day working or commuting and only 1.9 hours a day with their children (Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 1993).
* Children who receive no routine medical care, those who come from low income families or families headed by teen parents, and those who are chronically ill as infants are at greatest risk for lifelong poor health (YMCA of the U.S.A., 1990).