Both in paradigm and procedure, the scientific method and culture prioritize type 1 error aversion (Hansson 2013) and "erring on the side of least drama" (O'Reilly et al.
Naturally, varying situations and contexts apply different decision rules in considering type 1 versus type 2 errors, and type 1 error aversion is beneficial in certain circumstances.
Null hypothesis Null hypothesis is TRUE is FALSE Reject null Type 1 Error Correct outcome
Type 1 errors are a false positive: a researcher states that a specific relationship exists when in fact it does not.
In this case, an overestimation of a given climate impact is analogous to type 1 errors (i.
Right now, credit unions may be making too many Type 1 errors
in their loan programs," Rick said.
Pre decided numbers will not prevent the type 1 error
but will limit the number of comparisons.
In designing a study, the power of a study to detect differences between 2 groups depends upon the number of subjects in each group, whether the groups are equal in size, the variability of responses among subjects, the magnitude of difference one is trying to detect, and the probability of making a type 1 error
Additional topics that have been expanded upon and added include: different approaches to carrying out the simple effect analyses and pairwise comparisons (particularly with regard to related and repeated measure analyses), the power of the different approaches to the different effect analyses, optimal experimental designs, a review of Wilcox's arguments, normality violations and their consequence for experimental analyses, and the issue of inflated Type 1 error due to multiple hypotheses testing.
CHAPTER 3 COMPARING EXPERIMENTAL CONDITION MEANS, MULTIPLE HYPOTHESIS TESTING, TYPE 1 ERROR AND A BASIC DATA ANALYSIS STRATEGY.
2] 27% 23% Type 1 Error
Rates (%) Total Individual FAST FAST Type II Error Rates RBC RBC score Factors 5 Percent 89 68 52 64 10 Percent 66 52 45 36 15 Percent 50 48 39 32 20 Percent 39 39 34 27 25 Percent 27 30 25 25 30 Percent 25 25 23 14 Consistent Cash Flow Type II Error Rates FAST Factors Factors 5 Percent 66 55 10 Percent 57 48 15 Percent 41 41 20 Percent 36 36 25 Percent 30 27 30 Percent 30 27 Note: 244 Solvent Companies, 44 Insolvent Companies.
Here, only type 1 errors
are usually applied, but type 2 errors should also be taken into consideration.