Versailles Treaty

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Versailles Treaty

A 1919 treaty that solemnized the end of World War I. It required Germany, Austria, and Hungary to accept responsibility for causing the war and Germany to pay heavy reparations to the victorious powers. While some scholars disagree, others believe these reparations contributed to Germany's hyperinflation in the early 1920s. In any case, the reparations were humiliating and financially damaging for Germany, which did not make the final payment until 2010.
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That makes the Treaty of Versailles a poor example to use to demonstrate the desirability of secrecy in international negotiations.
Because of the subterfuge involved in its design and manufacture as a consequence of the restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, the rollmarkings on the MP.30 are few and far between.
But in the new republic of Weimar Germany, the Treaty of Versailles had repercussions of its own.
Whether as an aero engine company nearly put out of business by the Treaty of Versailles that became a force in motorcycling as a result, or as the owner of Rover who walked away from its investment while keeping control of Mini, BMW has always found a way to land on its feet.
It may well be true that, just as the wars in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s represented a further unravelling of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, so developments in the Middle East at the present can be seen as a consequence of the 1920 Treaty of Sevres and the rest of the postwar settlement for the lands of the old Ottoman empire Yet it would be foolhardy to claim that a historical argument, rather than a moral, legal, practical or political one, against invasion in 2003 could or should ever have been decisive in the counsels of Downing St and the White House.
President Woodrow Wilson was one of the League's prime architects, Congress refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and the League covenant, seriously undercutting its effectiveness.
The Bank for International Settlements was established in 1930 by western governments to administer reparations payments required from Germany under the Treaty of Versailles following the First World War.
The idea that Poland is a "new nation" that erroneously emerged out of the ill-conceived Treaty of Versailles is by no means rare among American historians.
Many elements in this narrative are familiar, but it is a reminder of the broader significance of the Treaty of Versailles. The accord not only dealt with Germany but redrew the borders in Central Europe and the Middle East.
He actually was born in the same Austrian village where he presently resides, but this area of Austria was part of Hungary until after the Treaty of Versailles. Siegendorf is a small village in Burgenland about forty miles south of Vienna where the great Hungarian plain rises up to meet the foothills of the Alps.
Globally, over 30 million people died, and even President Woodrow Wilson was infected in early 1919 while negotiating the Treaty of Versailles.
The author has chosen seven eras to examine: Philippe Auguste (1180-1314), Henry IV (1314-1643), Louis XIV (1643-1795), Napoleon (1795-1815), the Commune (1815-1871), the Treaty of Versailles (1871-1940) and, finally, De Gaulle (1940-1969).
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