18) Specifically, she raises her utility through greater leisure by replacing labor income with labor-free transfer income
5 to 25 acres, the self employment is the sole contributor in no-farm income inequality in Cotton/Wheat Sindh as compared to Barani Punjab where all sources except transfer income
contributes in non-farm income inequality.
Governments operate a variety of programs that tend to transfer income
from the rich to the poor.
These results prompted them to conclude that "the principal reason for higher total income among the disadvantaged groups in Canada is higher transfer income
Data come from the 1997 and 1999 National Surveys of America's Families (NSAF) and the Urban Institute's Transfer Income
Model, which corrects the NSAF's underreporting of government benefits, adds the value of food stamps and earned income tax credit imputes federal payroll and income taxes, and estimates annual out-of-pocket child care expenses.
84 million yen in terms of long-term land transfer income
The income sources have been divided into two general categories: earned income (traditional and nontraditional) and transfer income
(public and private) (Table 1).
5 million when we took over and the only way we could repay the council loan was from transfer income
Given this rate, expected after-tax wage and transfer income
over the next five years makes up about three-fourths of human capital.
Thus, in this society, optimally the old will transfer income
to the young.
They report several possible answers: to rectify market failure stemming from the inability of the private market to deal efficiently with problems of moral hazard and adverse selection; to enhance equity by transferring income from well-off taxpayers to distressed and less well-off farmers; or, finally to transfer income
to farmers as a way of garnering their political support.