The way that we discovered this toxin
using computational methods is different from how toxins
used to be identified in the past, and may become a standard approach in biomonitoring" says Doxey.
Biomarkers for CDI include toxins
A and B, GDH, and the genes for toxins
A and B.
Current tests for bacterial toxins
are expensive and not always accurate.
Summary: The reaction dynamics of Cry1Ab toxin
from Bacillus thuringiensis with sodium, calcium and lead ions was studied by fluorescence quenching technique.
The camera system can easily be adapted to detect other foodborne toxins
Not every single toxin
will be affected, but many toxins
will," says Dmitri Kudryashov, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Ohio State University, Columbus, and senior author of the study.
have been used with great success in a variety of blood cancers, but they don't work as well in solid tumors because the cancers aren't as accessible and the toxins
have a short half-life," said Shah.
Beyond MRSA and other staph infections, the nanosponge vaccine approach could be used to create vaccines that protect against a wide range of toxins
, including those produced by E.
such as OA, DTXs, PTXs, and YTXs are known to be produced by dinoflagellate species (Lee et al.
act by interfering with nerve-muscle communication.
However, patient diagnosis was made solely through fecal toxin
testing, and strains were not characterized.
A) It stores the toxins
in a leak-proof organ, so they don't harm the other organs.