time value of money

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Time value of money

The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar received today can earn interest up until the time the future dollar is received.

Time Value of Money

A fundamental idea in finance that money that one has now is worth more than money one will receive in the future. Because money can earn interest or be invested, it is worth more to an economic actor if it is available immediately. This concept applies to many contracts; for example, a trade in which payment is delayed will often require compensation for the time value of money. This concept may be thought of as a financial application of the saying, "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush."

time value of money

The concept that holds that a specific sum of money is more valuable the sooner it is received. Time value of money is dependent not only on the time interval being considered but also the rate of discount used in calculating current or future values.

Time value of money.

The time value of money is money's potential to grow in value over time.

Because of this potential, money that's available in the present is considered more valuable than the same amount in the future.

For example, if you were given $100 today and invested it at an annual rate of only 1%, it could be worth $101 at the end of one year, which is more than you'd have if you received $100 at that point.

In addition, because of money's potential to increase in value over time, you can use the time value of money to calculate how much you need to invest now to meet a certain future goal. Many financial websites and personal investment handbooks help you calculate these amounts based on different interest rates.

Inflation has the reverse effect on the time value of money. Because of the constant decline in the purchasing power of money, an uninvested dollar is worth more in the present than the same uninvested dollar will be in the future.

time value of money

see DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW.
References in periodicals archive ?
Growth in the sector will continue at rates of around 10% year-on-year (y-o-y) throughout the forecast period to 2018, by which time premiums will total over USD20bn, although any sustained political unrest risks significantly hampering this growth performance.
While it would cost more up front, Cornerstone's management believed that if employees and their families were shopping for their health care, then over time premiums would go down because claims would go down.
Congress is expected to sign off on a Tricare premium increase of about 13 percent--the first time premiums have risen since the program was founded in 1995.
Insurer competition for market share will not only convert this loss improvement into lower premiums, but ff history repeats itself for the umpteenth time premiums will continue downward beyond these NCCI projections.
No penalty will be assessed until after May 15, at which time premiums will increase by one percent for each month that the eligible Medicare recipient is not enrolled.
Plans may earn additional income by investing the float between the time premiums are received and claims for medical care are paid.
For clarity, we assume the options' time premiums equal zero.
The charges are shown in Table 2, Columns 5 and 9, where we assume the time premium equals zero and [Alpha] is fixed at 8%, as is assumed by Basle.
We add to the example estimates of volatility, domestic and foreign interest rates, and time to expiration, resulting in a positive time premium.
Plans may earn additional income by investing the "float" between the time premiums are received and claims for medical care are paid.