The "Levene's test for between subject effects" was applied on collected information regarding presumed risk factors like; housing type, tick control, age and sex of animal, which showed significant association (P<0.05) with both tick infestation
Mortality of radio-marked 10-12 month-old calf moose was 60-80% between March and May from blood loss to winter tick parasitism; the average winter tick infestation
on dead calves was 46,800 ticks (range = 34,800-63,600) (Jones 2016, L.
On a global scale, about 80 percent of cattle population is at risk of tick infestation
and tick- borne diseases.
Characterization of ferritin 2 for the control of tick infestations
. Vaccine 2010; 28: 2993-8.
The majority of farmers (93%) reported summer as the season when tick infestation
is highest in cattle.
Pyrethroids are mainly used to prevent flea and tick infestation
, but also to repel flying insects, especially sand flies, mosquitoes, and biting flies (Anadon et al., 2009).
In earlier reports the prevalence of cattle tick infestation
was more than 50% from Punjab (Durrani et al., 2008, Sajid et al., 2009).
All calf mortalities had measurable winter tick infestations
, many were infested with lungworms and 75% of winter tick-related mortality occurred in April.
The observed differences in tick infestation
on rodent species are related to a balance between the larval questing activity and the abundance of hosts according to the season of the year.
In Scotland, bad weather and tick infestations
led to shoots in many areas being severely curtailed or called off.
Some wading bird chicks as young as three weeks old have been discovered with heavy tick infestations
In community A, 60% of dogs that were registered had visible tick infestations
, and almost half of the participants reported seeing ticks inside their homes.