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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Average total income per RPK (Yield) for the third quarter of 2018 grew by about 2.1%.
Personal Lines net income of $51 million increased from $8 million in third quarter 2017.
Significantly, the average pre-tax servicing profit dropped to a loss of $52 per loan serviced in the third quarter. That was a notable deterioration from the per-loan serviced profit of $196 in the second quarter.
In nominal terms, the cost of sending EUR345 from Germany to Lebanon was EUR24.65 in the third quarter of 2015 relative to EUR24.81 in the previous quarter.
Operating income for the third quarter of 2014 was $197.0 million and operating income margin was 17.3% as compared to operating income of $224.3 million and operating income margin of 19.6% in the second quarter of 2014 and operating income of $206.2 million and operating income margin of 17.4% in the third quarter of 2013.
"GDP growth for the third quarter is likely to be more moderate than the third quarter of 2013 pace of economic activity.
The relative share of monetary income into the total income during the third quarter of 2013 was similar in comparison with the same quarter of 2012 and was 97.6%.
The company has reported Dh54.8 million of total revenues, up 57 per cent from the Dh34.9 million during the third quarter of 2012.
According to market research firm Gartner Inc, India's mobile PC market, which totalled nearly 2.9 million units in the third quarter of 2012, recorded a fall of 5.9 percent during the corresponding period last year.
Property tax, individual income tax, and general sales tax were all up in the third quarter of 2011 from the third quarter of 2010, but corporate income tax declined over the same period.
$17.3 billion--total sales for the third quarter, a 4.4 percent increase from the same time last year.