The 1997 Constitution and the Decentralization Act of 1999 mandated the creation of locally elected bodies in municipalities (thesaban
), sub-districts (tambon administrative organizations or TAOs), and provincial administrative organizations (PAOs).
Furthermore, according to the current village headman of WTK's lay Thai village, Ban Song Thai, state auxiliaries have only recently after the Parnchand reign made an ostensible entrance into WTK space in the form of forestry agents, water services, garbage collection, centralized plumbing or electricity (some services commonly provided by Thesaban
All in all, there were five or six Phaya Narin Songkhrams until the time when the position was dissolved around 1897-98, when the amphur (district of) Chatturat was established as part of Bangkok's introduction of the centralised thesaban political system.
(58) A pamphlet produced by the local government of Chatturat describes it as being officially established under the thesaban system in 1898 [BE 2436]: 100 Pi Amphur Chatturat [100 years of Chatturat district] (in Thai) (Chatturat: 1998 [BE 2536]).
Nakhon Krungthep [Bangkok Municipality Journal] no.
(36.) Chiang Saen Educational Office, "Phaen phattana thesaban
Meuang Chiang Saen (1997- 2001)" (unpublished manuscript, 1995).