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Job

Gainful employment. Strictly speaking, a job refers to employment by another person or company, but the word is often used to describe self-employment as well. Because individuals are compensated for their work at their jobs, these are considered necessary for a society to function. According to Keynesian economics, the money one earns from a job can create more jobs because the money creates demand for goods and services that must be provided. Supply-side economics, on the other hand, maintains that lower taxes are best for job creation.

job

  1. a work task or series of work tasks to be performed. For factory operatives the work tasks are often clearly defined as a specific set of machining or assembly operations. By contrast, at senior management level, work tasks are less clearly defined and managers have more discretion as to the range of tasks to be performed and how they are performed.
  2. a unit of good or service for which costs can be ascertained. The job or cost unit could consist of a single order. Alternatively, the job or cost unit could be a batch or group of identical products passing together through production.

job

a work task or series of work tasks to be performed in order to produce a good or service. Jobs differ in terms of skills, physical fitness, personality, etc., requirements, and in terms of the decision-making autonomy and responsibilities involved. Some jobs involve a wide-ranging set of work tasks while others may be broken down into a number of narrowly defined activities through a ‘division of labour’. Such SPECIALIZATION is often conducive to achieving high levels of labour PRODUCTIVITY in industries such as motor-car assembly that utilize mass production techniques. In other cases, productivity may be enhanced by grouping together larger numbers of work tasks to form individual jobs. Job design has an important effect on job satisfaction and thus levels of absenteeism, labour turnover, industrial disputes, etc., which affect productivity In some instances the process of specialization has been partially reversed by programmes of job enlargement (adding additional tasks to provide greater variety), 288

job rotation (where workers rotate jobs to reduce monotony) and job enrichment (where workers are given greater scope in deciding how tasks should be performed).

References in periodicals archive ?
First, the fact that managers tend to assume there is more of a connection between staff attitudes toward their jobs and staff performance than in fact there is does not mean necessarily that there is never a connection.
Consumers are assisted in making these choices and in leaving their jobs in a professional manner if they so decide.
It can be assumed that most work supervisors and company managers are reasonably well matched to their jobs and reasonably good at what they do.
Many job placement counselors move from their job placement activities to other jobs in rehabilitation, such as rehabilitation counselor, rehabilitation case manager, or rehabilitation administrator.
This study also explored why people lost their jobs. Recasting the findings into categories of productivity skills and social skills, it appears that productivity problems accounted for about 38 percent of failed placements, while social problems accounted for about 23 percent.
All employers worldwide, regardless of their size or industry, would be allowed to list their jobs free of charge.
If he seems like a throwback to an era when members of the working press identified with other working stiffs, that's because he remembers an American economy where workers expected that, if they did their work well and their employers prospered, their jobs would not be in jeopardy.
The study also outlines solutions to creating an environment where businesses can keep their jobs here and compete, and what ten US state governments have done to create a competitive climate for companies.
He estimated that 80 percent to 90 percent will lose their jobs within a year.
According to a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey, 35 percent of full-time workers who lost their jobs between 2001 and 2003 are still unemployed.