Enterprise

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Enterprise

A business firm.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Enterprise

A company or any other business.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

business

or

firm

or

enterprise

a producer or distributor of GOODS or SERVICES. The economic form of a business consists of:
  1. a horizontal business, a business which specializes in a single activity, for example the production of bread. See HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION;
  2. a vertical business, a business which combines two or more successively-related vertical activities, for example flour milling and bread production. See VERTICAL INTEGRATION;
  3. a conglomerate or diversified business, a business that is engaged in a number of unrelated production activities, for example bread production and the supply of financial services.

See DIVERSIFICATION.

A business can take a number of ‘legal’ forms:

  1. a sole proprietorship, a business owned and controlled by a single person;
  2. a partnership, a business owned and controlled by two or more persons who are parties to a partnership agreement;
  3. a JOINT-STOCK COMPANY, a business owned by a group of SHAREHOLDERS and whose capital is divided up into a number of shares;
  4. a cooperative, a business owned and controlled by a group of workers. See WORKERS' COOPERATIVE.

For purposes of COMPANY LAW and the application of many company taxes and allowances (for example, CORPORATION TAX and CAPITAL ALLOWANCES) a distinction is made between ‘small and medium-sized’ companies and ‘large’ companies. Small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) are defined as follows (Companies Act, 1995):

  1. annual turnover of less than £11.2 million;
  2. gross assets of under £5.6 million;
  3. not more than 250 employees In 2000 there were some 3,662,000 firms in the UK, of which 80% were run by the self-employed. Most businesses are small with around 3,630,000 firms employing under 50 people; 24,600 firms employed between 50 and 249 people, while only 6,700 firms employed over 250 people. However, in terms of their contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) firms employing over 50 people contributed in excess of 75% of total output.

The total stock of firms fluctuates from year to year depending on the net balance of new start-up businesses and those businesses ceasing trading (see INSOLVENCY). Generally the total stock of firms increases when the economy is expanding (or as a result of some ‘special’ factor, e.g. the surge in newly established INTERNET businesses) and falls in a recession.

A final point to note is that with the increasing globalization of the world economy MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES are becoming more prevalent in economies such as the UK.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

enterprise

see FIRM.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
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After all, their tours of duty on the Enterprise take place some 120 years apart--and neither of them looks a day over, well, 60.
This product covers the latest trends in the enterprise applications market, coupled with insight into the vendor landscape and market size in the enterprise applications domain.
In order to determine where SATA is best suited in the data center we must analyze the applications, their role in the enterprise, and the data/information they produce.
An enterprise-class EIM solution not only must interface with a wide range of existing internal and external systems, but also become the system of record for all direct and indirect compensation for the enterprise. It also may become the system of record for producer information for external partners, as it is generally impractical to house information on a carrier's external broker relationships within the corporate human resources system.
The principal definition of a PE set out in Article 5(1) requires a FPOB through which the business of the enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.
The enterprise identifier of the enterprise that assigned the serial number to the item is the only enterprise identifier in the UID machine-readable code that can use a UID data qualifier for enterprise identifier.
Together, these technologies enable organizations to engage business users across the enterprise not only during content creation, but also during the identification and classification of critical documents, while ensuring this content complies with organizational record retention plans.
CIE allows for a staged implementation across the enterprise. This incremental approach lets carriers attack specific pain points, thereby distributing implementation costs over time.
It's the whole enchilada of business information--within the four walls of the enterprise.
The server requires a physical location and may (within the meaning of Article 5, paragraph 1) constitute a "fixed place of business" of the enterprise that operates it.
As Director of The Enterprise Foundation's New York City program, Frey is intimately involved in the rehabilitation of housing in some of New York's poorest neighborhoods.

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