The United States has never joined the Kyoto Protocol
, while Japan, New Zealand, Canada and Russia have already announced they will not be signing up to a new interim commitment to the treaty.
Mehrishi said the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol
should be implemented from January 1, 2013 and must be ratified.
The scheme allows industrialized countries to meet part of their greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol
by buying emission credits through investing in emission-reducing projects in developing countries.
The contributing authors then take this comparative framework and apply it to a number of key jurisdictions that initially agreed to the Kyoto Protocol
but have consequently diverged in their domestic responses.
President Bill Clinton never submitted the Kyoto Protocol
to the United States Senate, which had passed a resolution, by a vote of 95 to o, declaring that it would not ratify any treaty that did not cover emissions from competitors like China.
On December 12, Canada became the first country to announce it would withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol
, complaining that the agreement is unworkable because it excludes many significant emitters from binding action.
"Whether or not Canada is a party to the Kyoto Protocol
, it has a legal obligation under the (U.N.
The Kyoto Protocol
is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC), aimed at fighting global warming.
Confirming that currently only four or five non-EU countries are willing to enter into a second term of the Kyoto Protocol
, he added that "we need a global framework, because it is clear that in its current form the protocol is not an adequate tool for combatting global warming.
The EU must support the Kyoto Protocol
and work with other countries on a road map to ensure the establishment of a global treaty on climate by 2015 at the latest," added Leinen.