The Knights of Labor
had been founded in 1869 and its membership was largely Catholic.
(5) The NGCU, joined by the Knights of Labor
, used legal means to assert those claims: first, through strikes and later, through legal suit.
Ireland's influence on Catholic colonization, education, the Knights of Labor
, the temperance movement, and the "Americanism" crisis are legendary.
The first unofficial Labor Day celebration was orchestrated by the Central Labor Union and the Knights of Labor
in New York City on Sept.
This is a story with familiar highlights, such as Terence Powderly's leadership in the Knights of Labor
, the unparalleled influence of Monsignor John Ryan, and the Catholic labor schools and the priests who organized them.
And for a brief time groups like the Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor
succeeded in uniting disparate groups under the leadership of men like Uriah S.
Though their methods differed, both the Knights of Labor
and the American Federation of Labor (AFL) that later supplanted it sought to create among workers the equivalent of the small-town, autonomous proprietors that Thomas Jefferson and others lauded as critical for the functioning of American democracy.
In 1886, 5,000 members of the Knights of Labor
conducted the first major strike, against the Iron Mountain Railroad in Arkansas.
Both the Knights of Labor
, which was a major player from the early 1870s through the early 1890s, and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), whose star shone from 1905 through 1918, had better records on confronting white supremacy (and patriarchy).
He claims that the Church leadership could have done more to support the labor movement, but concedes that "[t] hey thought in terms of anti-clerical European radicals...and knew that any upheaval would be detrimental to the work of the Church." (27) Maynard applauds the effort of Cardinal James Gibbons to have the Knights of Labor
exempted from the Vatican's ban on secret soci eties, and he claims that the Vatican reversed itself for the first time because of Gibbons's representations.
Similarly, a ll the familiar union histories are reviewed, including those of the Knights of Labor
, the Industrial Workers of the World, the Homestead and Pullman strikes, and the formation of the AFL-CIO itself.
It had happened in 1886 under the Knights of Labor
. Again, the "Yards" was organized, this time by the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen; only to be lost once more in a 1904 strike.