design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Design for manufacturability and test (DfM/DfT) is far more challenging late in the design process. Similarly, field repair or programming update considerations need to be factored into the design.
As a history, it gives an insight into the design processes and decisions that went into several iconic aircraft: the Bristol F.2A, DC-3, Spitfire, Mustang, and Kelly Johnson's aircraft.
During the past two years, the entire life cycle of a building has gained ground in the design process due to the success of IED in reducing the energy consumption for operation.
A very important skill for us to teach our students is that of understanding the design process. This skill is vital, as it teaches students to break down a problem, research potential resources and solutions, propose a solution, and undergo the iterative process of refinement.
For example, during the design process, my team used prior knowledge and expanded on it to compute the force needed to open and close feed bin gates in order to specify a linear actuator to meet this force requirement."
Porter, a professor of theatre and the resident designer in the Theatre Program at Fairfield University in Connecticut, has spent 20 years teaching undergraduate students about the design process. She wondered why some students were thriving and others floundering.
New approaches are needed and the construction industry is in the early stages of a revolution to reinvent the design process that was used before the large scale application of HVAC systems (Heiselberg 2007).
Through examination of student work and reconstruction of their own problem-solving processes, teacher candidates are able to internalize why the design process is so important for conceptual understanding.
A key factor in ADL's decision was E3.series' object-oriented architecture, which will enable the company to create smart drawings which feed all stages of the design process, including manufacturing and purchasing.
To study the design process of the proposed antenna, including the presence of the coupling strip and slotted ground structure, Figure 2 shows a comparison of the simulated return loss and input impedance of the proposed antenna and the reference antenna (Ref.
The SnapShots function enables users to save SnapShots of scenes at any stage of the design process which can then be reapplied at any time within Artisan.
The study found that engineers spend the most time searching for external technology information during the early conceptual and detailed implementation stages of the design process. The study also found that the data search process - whether from internet searches, or searching various web sites - can take many weeks and often results in delays in the design cycle.