of July 1933 and the Vatican's subsequent response to Nazism emerged from its historical experience.
(16) The Concordat
is a legal agreement between the Roman seat and a country where the confession is Roman-Catholic.
During the Fascist Age, in 1929, the Concordat
provides important--albeit limited--areas of freedom for the Church and for the individual which would otherwise not exist, and the two entities, Church and State, seem jealous of their own sovereignty.
Eventually, the attempts to sign the concordat
In trying to answer this question, this article will first consider the concordat
in light of the Second Vatican Council and the new canonical codification and then summarize the data emerging from practice, with special regard to the concordats
concluded during the pontificate of John Paul II.
The greatest absence in Professor Spicer's study, however, is that of Monsignor Ludwig Kaas, head of the Catholic Center Party at the time of the concordat
It was only four years after the concordat
with Hitler was signed in 1933 with the help of Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, that it became apparent that diplomacy would not protect German Catholics from Hitler's sinister plans.
Other organisations signing the concordat
include the British Chambers of Commerce, BT, Transport for London, RAC Foundation, Association for Commuter Transport, Scope, Technology Means Business, and Henley Management.
recognized for the first time the juridical personality of the Portuguese Episcopal Conference.
The Formula's statements, however, were addressed to a situation in which secular authorities were imposing certain church usages on the church, whereas in the Concordat
the ELCA's Churchwide Assembly made a legislative decision on behalf of their fellow members.
A foreign policy coup: the Concordat
of 1933 between Nazi Germany and the Vatican.
The signing of the concordat
of full communion between the IFI and the Episcopal Church of USA in 1961 marked the beginning of the IFI's partnership with other churches in the Anglican communion, as noted in the formal agreement then reached: