Taliban

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Taliban

A political movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. When it was in power, the Taliban was noted for brutal treatment of women and for almost entirely wiping out the cultivation of opium, which was until then one of Afghanistan's primary cash crops. It based its teachings and rule on an austere interpretation of Islam combined with Pashto tribal law. In 2001, it was overthrown by the United States and coalition forces. Since 2004, the Taliban has become a major insurgent group in Afghanistan, funded through opium trade.
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This time the military advance by the Taleban movement into the northern territories of Afghanistan is being carried out with the direct participation of the Pakistani military both in planning and equipping the Taleban operations and in combat on the Taleban side," the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
The region has been turned into a battleground since radical cleric Maulana Fazlullah, who has links to Pakistan's Taleban movement, launched a violent campaign for the introduction of Islamic Shariah law in the valley.
The spokesman for Mehsud's Tehreek-e-Taleban Pakistan, or Taleban Movement of Pakistan, said Mehsud had not written any letter and Zawahri was nowhere near when the missile struck the house where Masri was staying in the South Waziristan tribal region, bordering Afghanistan.
The Taleban movement warned that it would launch suicide attacks across the country if the military failed to halt the operation against followers of Maulana Fazlullah.
In one case, a 60-year-old tribal chief with four wives was given four of the blue diamond-shaped pills and days later supplied details of Taleban movements in return for more.