Nevertheless, taking 'System Dynamics' as the (one and only) synonym for 'systemic thinking' would be going too far, given the other approaches to systemic thinking as well as a variety of systems theories
and methodologies, many of which are complementary to SD.
of Missouri) describes the international media setting since 9/11, its institutions, individuals, corporations, technologies, and issues using three theories: New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO), electronic colonialism, and world systems theories
. He discusses development research traditions, US multimedia corporations such as Time Warner and Disney, non-US stakeholders like Bollywood, music and MTV, the influences of CNN International, global news agencies, media in the Middle East and North Africa (in a chapter written by Ralph Berenger), global advertising, international organizations, global technologies, and the internet.