Synthetic investment

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Synthetic Investment

A combination of investment vehicles that, when used together, can create a profit. An example is an option spread, where one takes two or more positions in option contracts in order to profit from the difference in their prices. Likewise, one may create a synthetic index in order to outperform a real index. Institutional investors are the main creators of synthetic investments.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Synthetic investment.

A synthetic investment simulates the return of an actual investment, but the return is actually created by using a combination of financial instruments, such as options contracts or an equity index and debt securities, rather than a single conventional investment.

For example, an investment firm might create a synthetic index that seeks to outperform a particular index by purchasing options contracts rather than the equities the actual index owns, and using the money it saves to buy cash equivalents or other debt securities to enhance its return on the derivatives.

Options spreads, structured products, and certain investments in real estate and guaranteed investment contracts can be described as synthetic products.

While they are artificial, they can play a legitimate role in an individual or institutional investor's portfolio as a way to reduce risk, increase diversification, enjoy a stronger return, or meet needs that conventional investments don't satisfy.

However, synthetic investments may carry added fees and add more complexity than you are comfortable dealing with.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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It is an excellent summary of some of the main analytical considerations in explaining the origins and structure of securitization, how securitization adds value, the basic requirements for securitization, and how synthetic securities and related derivatives are created.
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* Buckets for assets such as structured finance securities, synthetic securities, and guaranteed securities;
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This section substantively restates the swap criteria for structured finance transactions that were originally published in Standard & Poor's 1995 publication Global Synthetic Securities Criteria.